The effect of oxidation and resulfidation on (Ni/Co)MoS2 hydrodesulfurisation catalysts
The effect of a sequential oxidation and resulfidation treatment on γ-Al2O3 supported (Ni/Co)MoS2 catalyst nanoparticles was investigated using (HR)TEM, XPS, and thiophene HDS catalytic performance experiments. Analysis of the HRTEM images revealed that, after initial sulfidation and oxidation, the resulfidation treatment restored the original slab length or increased it. The chemical composition of the samples, as determined by XPS, also slightly changed: the concentration of oxidic species increased, especially for the Ni promoter atoms. Comparing the catalytic HDS activity of the samples before and after the oxidation-resulfidation treatment showed that the catalysts were more than 20% more active after resulfidation. This increase in HDS activity is ascribed to a redistribution of the (Ni/Co)MoS2 slabs during the second sulfidation treatment, indicating a size effect.